Purpose: Students review the decision making process and learn that they can use this process to solve problems.
1. Students review the decision making process.
Ask students to describe the decision making process. Invite students to describe how they would go about making a decision or a choice. To prompt their thinking, ask them to describe what they would do before choosing a cell phone or another high-priced electronic item to buy.
Through questions and comments, help students identify the basic steps of the decision making process. Summarize the discussion by outlining the process on the board:
- Gather information.
- Identify as many options as possible.
- Weigh the pros and cons of each option.
- Make a decision.
2. Students apply the decision making process to solving problems.
Point out that students can use the steps outlined to answer the question, “What should I do?” Explain that they can also use the process to answer the question, “How should I do it?” Point out that when they answer these questions, they begin to solve their problems.
Suggest that students look through past notes for this class to see if they have written the steps of the decision making process that are outlined on the board. If they haven’t, give them time to do so now.
Circle the first two steps on the board, and explain that today, students will see how these two steps apply to problem solving.